Whether plecos need driftwood or not depends on the pleco species. Some plecos, like bristlenose, need driftwood because they graze on wood as part of their daily diet, which also enhances their digestive system. In contrast, zebra plecos are carnivores, so they don’t need driftwood to nibble on.
Although driftwood isn’t necessary for certain plecos, it certainly has its benefits. So let’s learn more about keeping driftwood in the aquarium for plecos.
Is Driftwood Necessary For Plecos?
Driftwood isn’t absolutely necessary for plecos. However, plecos feed on driftwood in small amounts.
Driftwood consists of essential nutrients that help the digestive process of plecos.
Another advantage of placing driftwood in the tank is that it reduces the accumulation of toxins in the water and helps to regulate the water pH.
So some aquarists firmly believe that driftwood is an essential part of a pleco tank, while others differ on this opinion and believe that driftwood is optional and not mandatory.
In the end, it’s the aquarist’s choice to use driftwood.
Nevertheless, driftwood certainly helps enhance the health of plecos, and so it’s recommended anytime.
Do All Pleco Species Need Driftwood?
All pleco species don’t need driftwood. The need for wood depends upon the natural habitat and diet of the plecos.
Some plecos live in areas with lots of wood around them.
Such species, like bristlenose and clown plecos, actively graze on the wood.
On the contrary, some plecos inhabit the fast-flowing rivers surrounded by rocks.
Such plecos don’t need driftwood as they’re primarily carnivores that feed on other fish, small insects, and tiny invertebrates.
Given below is the list of most pleco species and whether they need driftwood or not.
|Pleco Species||Is Driftwood Recommended?|
|Blue Phantom Plecos||Yes|
|Candy Striped Plecos||Yes|
|Leopard Frog Plecos||No|
While some pleco species don’t need driftwood, adding it to an aquarium is beneficial as it’s a great way of providing natural cover to plecos.
6 Benefits Of Driftwood To Plecos
Driftwood is often looked upon as a decorative piece for aquariums. However, it serves several functions in a pleco tank.
Given below are the various benefits of driftwood for plecos.
1. Acts as a food source.
Driftwood is a crucial part of the diet for many pleco species in the wild.
So when you place driftwood in an aquarium, plecos graze on it.
Plecos also get fiber and nutrition from the wood, and it’s considered healthy for their overall development.
Many tiny organisms, algae, or slime-like structures also start to grow on the driftwood.
Plecos feed on such micro-organisms and algae.
However, they can’t rely entirely on driftwood for their diet. So feeding them their staple diet is necessary.
2. Helps in the digestive system.
Driftwood plays a vital role in boosting the immune system of plecos.
Wood-eating plecos have a long gut system that allows them to digest complex and hard fibers.
Driftwood contains nutrients like cellulose and lignin that benefit the plecos’ digestive system.
3. Serves as a hiding spot.
Plecos need hiding places in the aquarium to feel secure.
Driftwood creates a natural place to hide and serves as a resting area when the plecos are sick or tired.
A hiding place is also best for breeding and laying eggs.
Plecos can protect their eggs and fry at such spots without chasing away the other fish.
Lack of hiding place can stress the plecos and make them prone to illness.
4. Maintains the ecosystem inside the tank.
Driftwood plays a crucial role in maintaining the ecosystem inside the tank.
The added surface area of driftwood helps promote the growth of beneficial bacteria.
These bacteria clean the water by breaking down the fish waste into less toxic compounds.
Driftwood also releases tannins that increase the available oxygen in the water column, thus strengthening your plecos’ immune system.
The tannins released also create a slightly acidic environment that helps keep the viruses and diseases at bay.
5. Balances water parameters.
Another beneficial aspect of driftwood is that it helps decrease the pH of the water.
Driftwood is particularly useful when the water has more alkalinity.
Driftwood can significantly help reduce the alkaline nature of the water, thus maintaining the desired water parameters required by the plecos.
6. Enhances aesthetics.
Driftwood not only provides numerous benefits to plecos, but it also enhances the aquarium’s look.
Driftwood makes the tank look like a riverbank, thus making it look natural.
The tannins released from some driftwood also darken the water and make it look reddish, similar to the natural habitat of the fish.
That’s why plecos feel comfortable and happy in the tank.
Is Driftwood Safe For Plecos?
Driftwood is safe for plecos as long as it’s appropriately sterilized.
It’s essential to clean and cure the driftwood found outdoors.
You can sterilize the driftwood by boiling it to make it safe for your plecos.
Boiling helps to eliminate all bacteria, fungus, and other harmful organisms that may be present on the wood.
It also helps remove the tannins that otherwise discolor the water.
Tannins aren’t bad for the tank and can sometimes be even beneficial.
However, tannins make the water look murky brown, which isn’t aesthetically pleasing.
Once the boiling of the driftwood is complete, you need to allow it to cool down completely before placing it in the aquarium.
What Type Of Driftwood Is Best For Plecos?
Plecos are surrounded by rubber trees, myrtle, rosewood, laurel, palm, etc., in their natural habitat.
While it’s not practically possible to obtain the driftwood of such trees, and others may be toxic to plecos, it’s best to purchase driftwood from reputed stores.
There are numerous kinds of driftwood available readily.
The main difference between them is their origin and the tree they have come from.
The slightly soft driftwood is suitable for plecos as they scrape off small parts.
Even driftwood that produces big biofilm is ideal for plecos to scrape on.
Given below are the type of driftwood suitable for plecos:
- Malaysian driftwood,
- Spider driftwood,
- Mopani driftwood,
- Cholla driftwood, etc.
Factors To Consider While Selecting Driftwood For Plecos
You can use driftwood purchased from any reputed store for plecos in an aquarium.
However, it’s always better to consider the need of your fish while selecting the best one.
Driftwood is healthy for plecos and hence is used widely by aquarists.
So you should select the driftwood that provides maximum nutrition to your plecos.
The driftwood should be free from any chemicals or debris that can pollute the water and harm the plecos.
Another vital thing to consider is the safety of your fish.
The driftwood shouldn’t have any sharp edges that can injure your fish.
Besides, hollow driftwood is suitable for plecos as it provides good hiding places.
The driftwood also shouldn’t occupy more space in your tank.
Otherwise, plecos can get cramped for space, leading to stress.
Do bristlenose plecos need driftwood?
Bristlenose plecos need driftwood as it helps them digest the food.
Driftwood also provides resting places, making them feel more comfortable.
Bristlenose plecos prefer softer woods such as Malaysian driftwood, cholla wood, and grape wood.
Do clown plecos need driftwood?
Clown plecos need driftwood as it’s a vital part of their diet. They get most of their nutrients by scraping the driftwood.
The fiber from the wood also helps their digestive system.
Clown plecos can be susceptible to more infections if their diet lacks the fibrous nutrients provided by wood.
Do sailfin plecos need driftwood?
Sailfin plecos need driftwood as it gives them a hiding place to relax. Wood is also an excellent surface for algae to grow.
Sailfin plecos love to snack on the algae growing on driftwood.