Dictyota is a genus of brown seaweed that belongs to the family Dictyotaceae. These seaweeds are mostly found in tropical and subtropical seas.
They have special chemicals called diterpenes, which might be useful for making medicines.
By the end of 2017, scientists had discovered 237 different types of diterpenes in Dictyota.
How Did Dictyota Get Its Name?
The genus Dictyota was first described by a scientist named Jean Vincent Lamouroux in 1809.
The name Dictyota comes from a Greek word, “Διχτυον,” which means “net” or “network.”
This name refers to the inner cellular structure of the seaweed. When you look at it under a microscope, it looks like a net because of the way the cells are arranged.
What Is the Taxonomy and Nomenclature of Dictyota?
Dictyota belongs to the order Dictyotales and a group called the SSDO-clade. This group also includes the orders Sphacelariales, Syringodermatales, and Onslowiales.
The family Dictyotaceae has two tribes: Dictyoteae and Zonarieae.
Here are the differences between them:
- Dictyoteae: They have a single lens-shaped cell at the top, called the apical cell, from which the seaweed grows.
- Zonarieae: They have a row or cluster of apical cells at the top.
Some other genera, like Glossophora, Glossophorella, and Pachdictyon, are actually part of Dictyota. Scientists found this out by studying their DNA.
What Does Dictyota Look Like?
Dictyota seaweeds have flat, ribbon-like parts called axes. These axes branch out in a pattern that can be either equal (isotomous) or unequal (anisotomous).
The ends of the axes can have different shapes, like rounded or pointy. The colors of the seaweed can be dark brown, green, or blue.
Sometimes, the edges of the seaweed have leaf-like projections or teeth.
The inside of the seaweed has cells called apical cells. These cells divide into an outer layer called the cortex and an inner layer called the medulla.
These layers can have different arrangements, like one layer of the cortex and one layer of the medulla, or one layer of the cortex and multiple layers of the medulla.
Where Is Dictyota Found?
Dictyota seaweeds are found in tropical to temperate waters all over the world. They usually live in specific areas and don’t spread far.
They are very common in the Mediterranean Sea and along the Atlantic coasts of Europe.
What Is the Ecology of Dictyota?
Dictyota species usually live in rocky pools near the shore, in both shallow and deep water.
The number of seaweeds and how well they grow depends on things like temperature, sunlight, and how long the days are.
For example, some species grow well during most of the year but disappear during the warm months.
What Is the Life History of Dictyota?
Dictyota has a special life cycle called an isomorphic life cycle. This means that the two phases of its life, the gametophyte and sporophyte phases, look very similar.
The gametophyte phase makes eggs and sperm, which combine to make the sporophyte phase.
The sporophyte phase then makes spores, which grow into new gametophytes. This cycle keeps repeating.
Dictyota seaweeds can reproduce both sexually and asexually. They release their eggs and sperm at certain times during the day and month.
If the top part of the seaweed is lost, it can grow a new one through a process called adventitious branching.
What Is the Chemical Composition of Dictyota?
Dictyota seaweeds have high levels of fatty acids and lipids. They also have pigments like chlorophyll a, c, fucoxanthin, and violaxanthin.
The amounts of these pigments can change depending on how deep the seaweed is in the water.
How Is Dictyota Used?
Right now, Dictyota is not grown or harvested on a big scale. It’s mostly used for its chemicals, which can be made into medicines.
Some of these chemicals can help with things like blood clotting, fighting bacteria, and reducing inflammation.
Dictyota can also be used as a biofuel because of its high lipid content. Some species can be used as food for animals like chickens, cows, and fish.
In one study, scientists found that adding Dictyota to cow feed could help reduce the amount of methane produced by cows.
This can help reduce the amount of harmful gases released by farms.
What Are Some Species of Dictyota?
There are many different species of Dictyota. Some of them are:
- Dictyota acutiloba,
- Dictyota adhaerens,
- Dictyota adnata,
- Dictyota aegerrima,
- Dictyota alternifida,
- Dictyota anastomosans,
- Dictyota apiculata,
- Dictyota asiatica,
- Dictyota attenuata,
- Dictyota bartayresiana, etc.
|Required Lighting:||Moderate High|
|Required Water Flow:||Moderate High|
|Maximum Size:||12 in (30.5 cm)|