Plecos are hardy fish since they tolerate a range of water conditions. So these fish are great for beginner aquarists. As plecos are peaceful fish, they’re an excellent option for community tanks. Plecos are also efficient at clearing algae and decaying plant and fish matter from the aquarium.
Let’s now understand what makes plecos hardy in more detail.
What Makes Plecos Hardy?
Plecos are hardy because these tropical freshwater fish can tolerate a wide range of water parameters.
They’re resilient and survive challenging conditions inside an aquarium.
Given below are the four main reasons why plecos are hardy fish.
1. Easy To Care
Plecos require less attention than other fish species. This is because of their ability to withstand a variety of environmental changes.
Plecos are resilient and can easily adjust to the existing environment inside a tank.
So fishkeepers don’t have to invest much time taking care of them.
2. Non-Fussy Eaters
Plecos are opportunistic scavengers who eat everything.
These fish are excellent at cleaning the tank by eating algae, plant detritus, and decaying fish.
3. Adapt To Changing Water Conditions
Plecos can survive in various water conditions. So despite being freshwater species, plecos can live in brackish water.
They can also survive in tank conditions with varying water temperatures and pH levels.
4. Live In A Variety Of Habitats
Plecos inhabit various habitats in the wild.
They live in swift currents, using their sucker mouth to hold onto rocks and other objects.
Plecos also inhabit different ecosystems, including rivers, streams, creeks, and estuaries.
Similarly, captive plecos adjust in different tank setups. However, ensure that there is plenty of hiding spots for the fish.
Okay! Plecos are hardy and can live in different conditions.
However, to increase their longevity, you must ensure that the water parameters remain stable and periodic tank maintenance is carried out.
9 Factors That Affect Plecos’ Health
Plecos are hardy and can survive variations in water parameters.
However, it’s not recommended as it stresses them. So you must take proper care of them.
Given below are the nine factors that affect the health of plecos.
1. Inadequate Tank Size
A small tank poses many challenges to plecos. Most pleco species grow large.
So the tank size must be at least 100 gallons or more to accommodate large-sized adult plecos.
Plecos need a lot of space to swim and move around the tank. They also need plenty of hiding spots inside the tank.
So it’s essential to factor in space for caves, plants, or rocks that can provide refuge to the shy fish.
Stress affects plecos’ health a lot.
If a pleco shows any signs of aggression, such as biting, fin nipping, or chasing other fish, it must be suffering from stress.
Numerous factors can stress a pleco, like overcrowding, poor water conditions, low oxygen levels, high ammonia levels, bullying by other fish, and sudden or drastic changes in water conditions.
3. Inappropriate Water Parameters
Like other fish, water parameters, like water temperature and pH levels, should be suitable and stable for plecos to stay happy and healthy.
Since plecos are tropical fish, they prefer warm water.
The ideal water temperature range for plecos is 73°F to 82°F (23°C to 28°C), and the ideal pH level is 7.0 to 8.0 for them to thrive.
Plecos can survive variations in water parameters. However, it’s not recommended as it will stress them.
4. Poor Water Quality
Plecos are also called “Janitor fish,” known to clean algae inside the tank.
So some aquarists think that plecos can maintain stable water conditions.
However, large plecos create a lot of waste that adversely impacts water quality.
Poor water conditions will spike ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite levels, making the fish sick.
5. Incompatible Tankmates
Don’t keep bottom feeders faster than plecos in the same tank because they will directly compete with the plecos for food and stress them.
Keeping plecos with larger, aggressive fish can also be dangerous.
The aggressive fish can easily bully and injure the slow-moving plecos.
Plecos grow big and need lots of space once they reach adulthood.
So if they’re kept in a small tank, they will try to take away space from their fellow tankmates.
Overcrowding a tank can be stressful to plecos as it lowers the oxygen levels.
Due to inadequate space, there will also be territorial disputes with other fish that intrude into a pleco’s territory.
Some aquarists love to feed their fish. However, they rarely realize that overfeeding can be fatal for their fish.
Overfeeding also results in too much fish waste and leftover food in the aquarium.
If you don’t clean the tank regularly, the toxin levels in the water will increase.
Uneaten fish food releases toxic ammonia and nitrite.
Decomposition processes use up oxygen, which lowers the oxygen content in the water and stresses the fish.
It also adversely impacts their immune system.
8. Improperly Cycled Tank
Cycling the tank helps to create beneficial bacteria in the tank.
These bacteria help to break down the ammonia and other toxins present in the water.
A poorly cycled tank will contain an excessive amount of ammonia, which will harm the pleco’s overall health.
9. Diseases And Infections
Plecos are susceptible to freshwater diseases if kept in poor conditions or under unsuitable water parameters.
Given below are some of the common diseases that can affect plecos:
- Fin Rot,
- Cloudy Eye,
- Sunken Abdomen, and
- Bloated Abdomen.
Unlike most aquarium fish species, plecos don’t need much care.
However, they will thrive if you provide them with appropriate water conditions and good care.
Are Bristlenose Plecos Hardy?
Yes, bristlenose plecos are hardy. They’re easy to care for and can withstand temperature variations.
Bristlenose plecos are peaceful and an excellent choice for community tanks.
Like most plecos, they’re also terrific substrate cleaners.
Are Sailfin Plecos Hardy?
Sailfin plecos are pretty hardy. They’re relatively resilient to changes in water parameters than most other freshwater species.
They’re active foragers and can control algae bloom.
Sailfins are compatible with most friendly fish species and can be kept in community aquariums.
Are Royal Plecos Hardy?
Royal plecos are generally hardy. They’re considered one of the easiest pleco species to keep.
They’re bottom dwellers and aren’t concerned about other fish.
However, like most plecos, they’re territorial with their own species. They’re also excellent at cleaning algae and plant detritus.
Are Sunshine Plecos Hardy?
Yes, sunshine plecos are hardy. They can tolerate a wide range of water conditions.
They’re also good-looking, outgoing, and non-fussy fish, making them perfect for community tanks.
These plecos thrive at the higher end of the temperature range and need compatible tankmates.